How to Apply for Canadian Citizenship


In September 2018 I posted the beginning of my article “Applying for permanent residence in Ontario“. 6 months later I shared the exciting news that I got my Permanent Residency. Time has flown by at such a pace (a pandemic in between also accelerated the time quite a bit we won’t lie), and it’s with a bit of emotion that I start this new article “Applying for Canadian citizenship”. Here we go! I will share with you the beginning of this experience and update it as we go along. Let’s start together to complete the last step of my immigration to Canada.

Since December 2020 some people can apply online, check if you are eligible here before reading the rest of the article.

Don’t forget to follow me on Instagram and Youtube for more content about Toronto!

You can also follow each step in the vlog  where I announced my citizenship. And this video walking you through the process how I apply for Canadian citizenship.


Permanent residency and citizenship, what’s the difference?

Before going into the explanation of the procedure, I wanted to talk about the difference between permanent residency and citizenship for those who are less familiar or who wonder why they should apply for citizenship when they are already permanent residents.

  • Permanent residence must be renewed every 5 years provided that you have been in Canada for more than 730 days in the last 5 years.
    • Citizenship does not need to be renewed, once acquired you will not need to do any more paperwork (and it fills me with joy just thinking about it).
  • As a permanent resident you cannot vote.
    • As a Canadian citizen you can vote in elections!
Pre requirements to apply for Canadian citizenship:
  • Be a permanent resident
  • Have spent more than 1095 days in Canada over the last 5 years
  • The years spent before obtaining permanent residency count for a maximum of one year (e.g. I had 2 years of WHP before my permanent residency which counted for 365 days then 2 years of permanent residency before being eligible)

What to prepare in advance for Canadian citizenship

  • List of your trip for the past 10 years
  • List of your addresses for the past 10 years
  • List of your job for the past 5 years (no need to have the exact day, don’t be me spending an hour finding the exact day I started and finished jobs, they just want the month)
  • Your SIN number
  • Your Unique Client Identifier (UCI) that you can find on:
    • your permanent residency confirmation
    • your permanent resident card
  • Proof of your language test (the one you took for permanent residence)
  • Copy of the first page of your passport (the one with your photo and information)
  • Passport photo less than 6 months old (with the date and the name of the photographer on the back)
  • Test your eligibility and the numbers of days you have by using the calculator the Canadian Immigration has on their website. You can save this ahead of time and edit it later. I had done this in May and realized I didn’t have enough days. In November I was able to take it back and add the days.


Once you have all that ready you are good to start your application. I will make sure you have 2 hours to spend on it.

Step 1 – Check your eligibility

  • Do the number of days test with the Canadian immigration calculator by adding all your trips so that your absences from Canadian territory are well taken into account.
  • Save this result as a PDF.

Then Step 2 – Create your account

Step 3 – Fill the information

Let’s get started! All the information prepared beforehand is going to be useful at this point. The interface is pretty well done and quite understandable you shouldn’t have too much trouble understanding, I found it more pleasant than the one for permanent residence in 2019.

You will see several tabs at the top, you will fill in your personal information, your addresses over the last 10 years, your jobs over the last 5 years. I’ll put a screen print below so you have an idea and some details on the steps where I stumbled a bit.


The end date of eligibility means the day before you apply for citizenship. If you start it on one day and end it on another, you will need to update this section:


Your immigration and citizenship status, so maybe it’s me but at first I put no, that’s when the orange message appeared and I understood that the answer was yes: I am French, I have another citizenship.


Each page you fill in will display a message at the bottom to confirm that you have filled in everything correctly. Once everything is filled in, you can go to the last step to pay. You can follow the explanations, the payment is done on a different page. You will be able to choose “Adult 18 and over”, pay and return to your application.

What’s next ?

Well, then we wait. Let me give you the next steps and then I’ll share with you the feedback I’ve had around me.

  • Once your application is submitted you will receive an acknowledgement of receipt to confirm that immigration has received your application.
  • A few months later you will receive an invitation to take a citizenship test. In the pre-covid version you had about 10 days to review and you had to take the test at the given time and place. During covid the tests were done online (with a webcam to monitor you of course, and you had to be in Canada even if it was online) and you were given a time frame: you had to take it between such and such a date, at your convenience, even on a Saturday night at 10pm for example).
  • Once you pass the test, you will be called to a citizenship ceremony. Before covid it was a nice ceremony with a group of people like you, full of emotions and quite symbolic. During covid the ceremonies were done online. Today I don’t know when they will switch back to in-person ceremonies (I would so love to have mine in person 🤞🏼). During the in-person ceremony you would be asked to turn in your permanent resident card.
  • Finally to finalize this new chapter in your life you will need to apply for your new Canadian passport.

Now it’s time for the feedback. At the time of writing this article (November 2021) I have quite different feedback. I’m sharing this as an indication because I imagine that you are also curious to have the feedback of other people, but each case is different. This sharing is there as an indication but is not an absolute truth.

  • Those who applied on paper before December 2020 are still waiting, some took the citizenship test months ago (spring 2020) and have an invitation to the ceremony in early 2022. Some took the test and the ceremony in a few weeks in the spring of 2020. In general for the paper application the acknowledgement arrived at least 6 months later.
  • Those who applied online in 2021 received acknowledgement of receipt 3-4 months later and received an invitation for the citizenship test 2-3 months later
  • In both cases, the people who took their tests in the last few months (2021) are all stuck at the ceremony stage to finalize the process and get their sesame and be able to apply for their Canadian passport.

The Canadian citizenship test invitation

On Tuesday, April 12, I asked in an Instagram story for review recommendations, thinking I was anticipating and being super prepared. One of my followers said to me: “Have you looked at your profile? Nothing has changed?”. Me: “I didn’t receive any email so I didn’t look at it” … I look and then I see that I can take my test. At that time I had not received an email but I received it the next day at 9am. Apparently it shows up in the profile before I get the email. Good to know.

You receive an email with a pdf. The pdf is essential to take the test since it has the link to the test.

Since covid the test is done online with a 21 day window to take the test. In my case I had between April 15 and May 5. I must admit that I didn’t think it was going to happen so quickly and I got a little hot. But in the end, by reviewing regularly, I felt ready in less than 2 weeks (if we’re really honest, I didn’t review very hard the first week haha).

When you are ready you can click on the link, you will have to check your identity several times then once the administrative part is validated you will be able to take your test, by validating your answers you can check “come back to this question later”, which allows you at the end to see all the questions you want to review, rather practical I found.

You can take the test in French or English, have 20 questions, 30 minutes to answer them and you must answer 15 questions correctly to validate your exam. For your information I needed 5 minutes to answer the questions and 5 minutes to proofread.

You have the result immediately displayed on the screen after validating, test might takes few days to shown as done. Now all you have to do is wait for the ceremony!

The studying part

I took my test just an hour ago and I’m already updating my article to make sure I’m sharing as much information as possible and just to help you.

I recommend these 3 sites that were recommended to me and that I used to take the practice tests:

You will also receive a book along with your invitation to take the test, I read it twice but after taking several tests. In my case I find it easier to remember things by doing the tests so I honestly did dozens and dozens. Then when I read the book I could remember more easily by saying to myself: ah yes it was asked in one of the tests. But everyone learns differently!

Last advice: read the entire book, even the small captions of the pictures!

The wait between the test and the ceremony

I received a lot of questions about this, even after taking your test some steps still won’t be validated. I took the test on April 27, 2022 and all the steps on my profile turned green on September 15, 2022 (I think I was missing the verification of the time spent in the territory): almost 5 months. It’s different for each file and I’m only giving you my experience, you shouldn’t base yourself on that, for some it was faster, for others it was longer.

The invitation to take the Canadian citizenship ceremony

Just before Christmas I posted on Instagram story to ask your feedback for those who had taken their test at the same time as me. Then I logged into my account (which I probably should have done before asking for your feedback in story.. haha). It’s December 22nd and I find out that I was scheduled for the ceremony on December 5th. I never received the invitation email (and yes I did check my junk mail). And luckily I was scheduled again for January 25, 2023. The invitation appeared on my profile but I had not received any emails. I had put several reminders in my calendar to contact them if I didn’t get emails 2 weeks before the scheduled ceremony date. I received the email with all the info on December 28.

In January 2023 ceremonies are sometimes virtual and sometimes face to face. Mine was virtual and I attended a bilingual ceremony.

What if I can’t make it to the citizenship ceremony?

You can ask to reschedule by contacting them. You may have to wait several weeks to be rescheduled (they rescheduled me 1.5 months later personally).

What to prepare for the Canadian citizenship ceremony?

You will receive a document with all the information, I will tell you about the virtual version because I did not have the ceremony in person. I got the Zoom link with the code to enter the meeting, the list of documents to have with you on the day, tips and the procedure of the ceremony. You also have a printable to fill out during the ceremony. If you can’t/won’t print it you can fill it out online. I preferred to print it because I thought that with the emotion it would be easier to manage a paper and a pen than the computer while being already connected to a Zoom.

If you are having the ceremony as a family you should all be connected on the same device.

How does the Canadian citizenship ceremony work?

  • You will need to sign in at the time indicated in your invitation.
  • You will go to the meeting where instructions for the ceremony will be given.
  • You will then be placed in a large waiting room to await your interview with an immigration officer.
  • You will be moved to a room where you will be interviewed one-on-one by an immigration officer. They will proceed with your identification. You will need to present 2 pieces of identification and your permanent resident card. Please note that the identification documents must not be expired (my Canadian driver license was expired by a few weeks, I showed my health card and my French passport instead). You will also be asked to verify your address.
  • During your interview with the immigration officer you will have to cut out your permanent resident card. I know after working so hard for it it hurts your heart, but it’s for a good cause. Make sure you have scissors around. Be careful, from that moment on you will not be able to enter the country until you have your Canadian passport. There are exceptions for emergencies but you will have to apply to immigration. Do not plan any trip until you have your Canadian passport in hand or you may be forced to cancel or be stranded. The explanation is simple: you are no longer a tourist so you can’t enter with an AVE, you are no longer under a visa or permanent resident so no proof of this kind to show, you are a citizen, just without any paper to prove it (yet).
  • You must be in Canada to attend the ceremony, you will be asked to confirm this. If you can’t be in the country at the time, contact them to change the date as soon as you have the invitation.
  • The agent will ask you to return the document that you will have to sign at the end. You will have to send it back to the email address that sent you the invitation for the ceremony, putting in the subject line: the agent’s name and number + your name.
  • Once your identification has been confirmed you will be transferred to a new “Ready for Ceremony” room where you will wait for everyone to be ready. Be careful, this can take a very long time. I spent over an hour waiting there.
  • When everyone is ready the ceremony can start, it is presided by a judge. I won’t go into details to let you be surprised because this is the most intense and emotional part of the ceremony. I don’t want to steal this moment from you!
  • Once the ceremony was over the judge left, we stayed with the coordinator for the last details.

Some tips for the ceremony:

  • Plan quite a bit of time, mine started at 8:15am and we finished at 11:15am.
  • Have food and drink readily available.
  • You get to decorate the space around you, have fun! We had put up flags and he threw confetti at me during the validation (you can see it all in the vlog).
  • Don’t forget to turn off your microphones! We were told this dozens of times but we still had people who had their mics on while they were chatting with the people around them. That got a lot of people riled up!
  • Your microphone should only be open while you are reciting the oath.
  • Your family or friends can be there during the ceremony, however they should not appear on camera.
  • In my case it was a bilingual ceremony and so the hymn was bilingual, I thought we were going to do French and then English, or the other way around, but in fact it was every other sentence. It threw me off and I couldn’t sing anymore (even though there were the words on the screen but I wasn’t ready for that haha).
  • If you ever changed your address during the process, as I did, you’ll probably have to resend your new address (I had updated it in the system but apparently it didn’t take into account), to make sure they send the certificate to the right place.

What to do after the Canadian citizenship ceremony?

  • First congratulate yourself! You have just completed years of immigration procedures! Jump! Dance! Call your families: enjoy this very special moment.
  • Then: send the signed document by email to the agent, making sure to mention if you have changed your address during the process.
  • During the ceremony you will be given the opportunity to pick up your ceremony certificate in the IRCC office where the judge is located (well I guess because my judge was in Montreal and my certificate is available in Montreal). Don’t worry, obviously I wasn’t going to go to Montreal just for that. If you can’t pick it up on the day they are made available (there is only one day when it is possible), you will receive it by mail within 6 weeks. Many have told me that they received it within 2 weeks. I will keep you posted!
  • Once you have the citizenship certificate in hand you can apply for your passport. And I would update this part once I have the certificate in hand and can move on to the next step.
  • Always keep the document that confirms your permanent residence. Even if you have become a citizen. The agent told me that we would need it for our retirement.


  • Application sent on November 4, 2021
  • Acknowledgement of receipt received on February 1st, 2022
  • Citizenship test – Invitation received on April 13, 2022
  • Citizenship test passed on April 27, 2022
  • All lights on: September 15, 2022
  • Receipt of invitation to the citizenship ceremony: December 22, 2022 (on my profile)
  • Receipt of the invitation email for the citizenship ceremony: December 28, 2022. This is the email that has the info for the day.
  • Citizenship ceremony: January 25, 2023
  • Receipt of citizenship certificate: February 22, 2023
  • Passport application sent: February 23, 2023
  • Receipt of passport: March 6, 2023


  • Passport photo at the photographer: $45. I went to Annex Photo. Make sure the place you choose has a history of taking passport photos for immigration.
  • Application fee at the time of application – 630$.
  • 2 passport photos: $22 (I went to Downtown Camera because I moved, and it’s clearly cheaper!)
  • Canadian passport for 10 years: $160

And so I’ve come full circle. I’ve completed my immigration process in Canada. I’m now French and Canadian. I can’t believe it. I’m sending you lots of positive vibes for your Canadian citizenship application, and I hope you enjoy it.

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